We can give you the experience and the knowledge that only those born in this land, involved and motivated by the sustainable development of our people, ecological conscience, and respect for nature and our traditions, can give you. That plus our personalized attention, safe performance and years experience are some of the reasons that give you an unforgettable experience.
One Earth Peru, The Peruvian tour operator who brings the world to Peru a it is for us, pristine and natural, is the most important thing: its Mega Diversity, Culture and Natural Diversity. Our trips are different because we always go through Protected Natural Areas, Natural Reserves, National Sanctuaries, Historic Sanctuaries, National Reserves, Refuges of wildlife, Landscape Reserves, Communal Reserves, Protected Forests and other great natural adventures. We Peruvians are a mixture of many wonderful things.
Enjoy Peru like locals!!!
Basic Information for the travelers
Peru is the third largest nation in South America. The country extends 2,135 km from its northernmost point to to its southernmost point, and 917 km from west to east at its widest unbroken point. It is surrounded by Ecuador on the northwest, Colombia on the northeast, Brazil and Bolivia on the east, Chile on the south, and the Paific Ocean on the west. It has a surface area of 1'258,216 square kilometers, and a population of about 27 million. Lima is the capital.
Peru can be divided into three main geographic regions: the coast (Costa), the highlands (Sierra) and the Amazon basin east of the Andes (Montaña or Selva). The Costa is athe narrow coastal desert that goes form south to north and contains the main cities of Peru. The Sierra consists of that section of the Andean mountains in Peruvian territory, and is divided into Cordillera Occidental (West Range), Cordillera Oriental (East Range) and Cordillera Central (Central Range), with average elevations of 2,750 to 5,800 meters above sea level. Mount Huascaran (6,768 meters) in West-Central Peru, is the highest peak in the country. This Sierra region varies in width between 95 to 320 kilometers. The Montaña is the Peruvian portion of the Amazon basin, with an altitude that goes from 80 to 1000 meters above sea level, and it consists basically of tropical rainforest. Lake Titicaca in the south, at 3,810 meters above sea level and with an area of some 8,300 square kilometers is the world's highest navigable body of water.
The Peruvian culture, which comes basically from pre-Inca, Inca and Spanish influence, is known by its remains found all over Peru, but specially for that live museum which is the city of Cusco, and the lost city of Machu Picchu, 113 kilometers from Cusco and 2,350 meters above sea level among mountain peaks. Peruvian folk culture is rich in elements from pre-Spanish and mestizo traditions. The ancient Peruvians where good builders, adapting their architecture to the landscape. The oldest colonial structure is the Cathedral and the most important one is the convent and church of San Francisco in Lima.
The evidence of human habitation in Peru dates back to at least 9000 BC. Pre-Inca culture developed all around Peru until the 13th century. It was then that the Cusqueños, about 1438 AD, started a period of about 50 years of conquest which ended in the vast Inca empire that controlled the present-day Peruvian territory, western Bolivia, Ecuador, and northern Chile and Argentina. Francisco Pizarro, the Spanish conqueror, landed on the Peruvian coast in 1527. Having learned about the existence of the Inca empire and its wealth, Pizarro came back in 1532 with a small army, conquered the Inca empire, and killed Atahualpa, the Inca emperor. Thus Peru fell under the control of the Spanish, who remained in the country for about 300 years. Lima became the capital of the viceroyalty, remaining loyal to the Spanish crown until the very end. Lima was the last bulwark of Spanish domination in South America. This liberating movement came from both sides of sides of the continent: Argentine general San martin and his forces came from the south, and Venezuelan general Bolivar and his forces came from north, both determined to end Spanish domination in Peru. Finally, it was San Martin who arrived first and proclaimed the independence of Peru on the 28th of July, 1821.
During the following 160 years, Peru saw a succession of civilian governments and military juntas. In 1975, general Morales Bermudez replaced the ruling dictator, general Velasco Alvarado, taking the country, in 1980, to its current democracy. However, in the 80s and 90s, the democratic government was beset with skyrocketing inflation, unemployment, huge foreign debt, violence and guerrilla groups. The neo-Maoist Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso) and the Tupac Amaru revolutionary movements, together with widespread coca farming and cocaine trafficking, hampered economic reforms. In 1992, president Fujimori took extreme measures, like suspending the constitution and shutting down the national legislature and the courts, and conducted the country to a stable political and economical situation. Fujimori, who resigned in 2001, was replaced by Paniagua in a transitional government, which led the country to the present government of Alejandro Toledo.
Quechua descendants constitute the largest ethnic group of Peru, almost 50% of the total population; mestizos make up 30%; the remaining population is made up of European descendants and minorities, like Aymaras, blacks, and Asians ( particularly Japanese). The Spanish , Quechua and Aymara languages have official status. As much as 90% of the population speaks Spanish. Lima, the largest city, holds about one third of the Peruvian population. Large-scale migration to coastal cities has restricted second and third order urban centers farther inland. About 70% of the population is urban.
As it is common in most Latin American countries, more than 90% of the population is Roman Catholic. In the older towns, remarkable colonial Catholic churches may be found. The native populations tend to blend Catholicism with their own ancient traditional beliefs.